Working together with Anatomy Professor Itana Santos Fernandes and three of her students we submitted the ParkiGlove project to the XXV Brazilian Anatomy Congress 2012 and were granted a grade 10, the highest score among 89 free theme projects.
The XXV Brazilian Anatomy Congress 2012 is organised by the Brazilian Anatomy Society and happens once every two years and this time it was held in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil and gathered three other events, the XIV Congreso de Anatomía Del Cono Sur, XXXII Congreso Chileno de Anatomía and I Encontro de Ligas Estudantis de Morfologia.
PROBLEM: The muscular rigidity and the resting tremor are the most compromising symptoms for Parkinson disease patients. They make it difficult to perform simple daily tasks, like holding a spoon or coffee cup, and gradually increase the level of third parties dependence. Levodopa, the leading drug used in Parkinson disease treatment, has an average of five years to start with its side effects, wich includes tardive dyskinesia, and compromises even more the patient’s quality of life. Each patient responds differently to medication dosage and treatment, and smalllest responsive doses must be found. There is a great need of methods that can precisely measure the commitment of a Parkinson disease patient in order to define medication dosages based on pre-defined symptom classification tables.
PROPOSAL: PARKIGLOVE , once fixed in the upper limbs, the device uses three to five acelerometers to continually measure the tremors and store information data into a memory card using an Arduino prototype board. It works just like a HOLTER heart exam, after 24 or 48 hours the patient goes back to the doctor’s clinic and the data inside the memory card is used to make graphic that holds a complete history of the patient motor impairment, including muscular rigidity and the resting tremor. A time based graphic is presents information about tremors amplitude and frequency in a software developed in Delphi that can be used to identify and evaluate medication responsiveness, allowing a effective treatment with minimal doses of medication based on the exact real needs of each patient.
The ParkiGlove project relies on Anatomy information and studies in order to determine the best places to fix the sensors in the patients upper limbs in order to best detect and record Parkinson tremors.
The work “Technology Development Allied to Parkinson Disease Treatment”, with the original Portuguese title “O Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia como Aliada no Tratamento de Doença de Parkinson” was presented by Manuela Lyrio Ximenes, student of the 2nd semester of the Medicine undergraduate course at UNEB.
Manuela Ximenes and her colleagues Thiago Vieira and Giedre Assis did a great job and as a result we were granted with a grade 10 (out of 10), the highest score among 89 free theme projects presented at the event.
We were very proud with the result and now we are keeping the hard work… We need significative improvements in order to present the project at the World Parkinson Congress.